The last offices , or laying out , is the procedures performed, usually by a nurse , to the body of a dead person shortly after death has been confirmed. They can vary between hospitals and between cultures .
REASON OF WASHING THE DEAD
To prepare the deceased for the mortuary (a funeral home or morgue), respecting their cultural beliefs
To comply with legislation, in particular where the death of a patient requires the involvement of a Procurator Fiscal aka. Coroner
To minimise any risk of cross-infection to relative, health care worker or persons who may need to handle the deceased
CULTURES OF WASHING THE DEAD
Washing the body of a dead person, sometimes as part of a religious ritual , is a customary funerary practice in several cultures. It was delegated to professionals in ancient Egypt, ancient Rome, by well-off Victorians, and continues so in modern America, but was traditionally performed by “family, friends, and neighbors
is a religious practice in Islam , where the body is washed by members of the dead person’s family. When possible, three washings are performed: first with water infused with plum leaves, then with water infused with camphor , and lastly with purified water. The washing is usually performed by others of the same gender, although Islamic Hausa people permit spouses to wash each other’s bodies.
In other cultures ,body is washed in the same way as a living person washes his body to remove the state of ritual impurity. Death marks the end of our life on earth and the beginning of another leading to the hereafter. The departure from this life is thus marked by an act of symbolic purification