Is baptism by immersion or pouring water on forehead ?? Although Latin-rite Catholics are usually baptized by infusion (pouring), they know that immersion (dunking) and sprinkling are also valid ways to baptize. Fundamentalists, however, regard only baptism by immersion as true baptism
Although the New Testament contains no explicit instructions on how physically to administer the water of baptism, Fundamentalists argue that the Greek word baptizo found in the New Testament means “to immerse.” They also maintain that only immersion reflects the symbolic significance of being “buried” and “raised” with Christ (see Romans 6:3-4).
The Roman Catholic Church states that the Greek word BAPTIZO is used in Luke 11:38 to refer to the Pharisees “washing,” and use this passage to say that the word does not always mean to dip. But the conclusion assumes that the Pharisees did not immerse their hands into water. They also quote Mark 7:3–4a as another example of BAPTIZO being used for washing or sprinkling
In Acts 1:4–5 Jesus charged his disciples “not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father, which, he said, ‘you heard from me, for John baptized with water, but before many days you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit.’” Did this mean they would be “immersed” in the Spirit
WHEN DID CATHOLICS START POURING WATER ON FOREHEAD
It is not clear when the Roman Catholic Church started pouring water as a method of baptism, nor is it clear when they started baptizing babies. But it is important to understand that the Roman Catholic Church believes baptism saves a baby. Here is a quote from the Catechism of the Catholic Church.
Holy Baptism is the basis of the whole Christian life, the gateway to life in the Spirit, and the door which gives access to other sacraments. Through Baptism we are freed from sin and reborn as sons of God; we become members of Christ, are incorporated into the Church and made sharers in her mission: “Baptism is the sacrament of regeneration through water in the word.”
“Baptism may be administered by sprinkling, pouring, or immersion, according to the choice of the applicant” – Church of the Nazarene Manual, 1972 ed., p. 33.
“What is the meaning of the word ‘baptize’? ‘Baptize’ means to apply water by washing, pouring, sprinkling, or immersing” – Luther’s Small Catechism, par. 244, p. 170.
“Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary; the Baptism is rightly administered by pouring or sprinkling water upon the person” – “Westminster Confession of Faith,” par. 6.141, Presbyterian Book of Confessions, 1967 ed.
After Peter’s first sermon, three thousand people were baptized in Jerusalem (Acts 2:41). Archaeologists have demonstrated there was no sufficient water supply for so many to have been immersed. Even if there had been, the natives of Jerusalem would scarcely have let their city’s water supply be polluted by three thousand unwashed bodies plunging into it. These people must have been baptized by pouring or sprinkling
That the early Church permitted pouring instead of immersion is demonstrated by the Didache, a Syrian liturgical manual that was widely circulated among the churches in the first few centuries of Christianity, perhaps the earliest Christian writing outside the New Testament
The testimony of the Didache is seconded by other early Christian writings. Hippolytus of Rome said, “If water is scarce, whether as a constant condition or on occasion, then use whatever water is available” (The Apostolic Tradition, 21 [A.D. 215]). Pope Cornelius I wrote that as Novatian was about to die, “he received baptism in the bed where he lay, by pouring” (Letter to Fabius of Antioch [A.D. 251]; cited in Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, 6:4311).
WRONG EMPHASIS PLACED ON WATER BAPTISM
While water baptism is a sacred ordinance and represents the most holy thing in the church Holy -Ghost-yet a wrong emphasis is placed upon it by many people until it seems some would almost idolize it.
It seems that many have put more stress upon the outward ordinance than inward work of the Holy Ghost. People did this in the days of Paul and the apostles. Read carefully the epistles of Paul and you will see that one of the burdens of his ministry was to keep
Jewish converts from putting too much stress on outward ordinances such as circumcision, washings, baptisms, etc. He finally exclaimed, “I thank God that I baptized none of you but Crispus and Gaius,” etc. “For Christ sent me not to baptize but to preach the gospel.” “God forbid that I should glory save in the cross.”
With the exception of a mere statement about baptism, Jesus never preached a sermon on the subject, neither did Paul nor the apostles. Jesus never baptized a person nor as far as turning to a verse in the Bible and proving it by chapter and verse, can we find where one of the twelve apostles or the eight writers of the New Testament except Paul, was baptized by any mode or baptized any candidate. We infer from certain passages of scripture that they did baptize some, but proving it in the absolute is another thing. Where were Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Peter, James and Jude baptized, and where does the Bible say positively that they baptized anyone?
Challenge: Find where any descendant of the early Christians was baptized in mature years! This is proof of infant baptism.
- Matthew 28:19-20. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. …
- Mark 16:15-16. …
- John 3:3-7. …
- Acts 2:38-39. …
- Acts 8:35-38. …
- Acts 22:12-16. …
- Romans 6:1-4. …
- 1 Corinthians 6:9-11.