A boil is caused by a bacterial skin infection. This skin abscess forms deep inside a hair follicle or oil gland. A boil generally starts as a reddened, tender area. Over time, the area becomes firm and hard.
The infection damages your skin cells, hollowing the tissue out. Your immune system responds with white blood cells, which fill the center of the infection and make it soft. Your body makes these cells to destroy the infection.
Together with bacteria and proteins, these white blood cells are known as pus. This pus may eventually form a central head near the surface of your skin. This head may drain on its own, spilling out of the surface of your skin. If not, it can be surgically opened
CAUSES OF BOILS
Most boils are caused by a germ (staphylococcal bacteria). This germ enters the body through tiny nicks or cuts in the skin or can travel down the hair to the follicle.
These health problems make people more susceptible to skin infections:
Problems with the immune system
Exposure to harsh chemicals that irritate the skin
Skin irritation caused by shaving or waxing of the pubic hair
Sharing personal items such as towels
Excess hormones around puberty or after menopause
Infections such as STI
Most of the boils clear up on their own within 1-2 weeks. Sometimes, it may last for days or months
apply a warm compression on the affected area to increase blood circulation and help heal the infection. Soak the towel in lukewarm water and compress the area for 10 minutes
To use antibiotic creams and tablets such as erythromycin, doxycycline, and tetracycline.