Here is Kenya Army /KDF  ranks/KDF structure explained


KDF Service Men and Non Commisioned Officers (NCO)

On completion of Phase 1 Training, all new soldiers start as Privates. This is lowest in KDF ranks/ KDF structure

Lance Corporal (im not sure if this rank is still in the kenyan situation)

Promotion to Lance Corporal may follow after Phase 2 Training or after about 3 years as a private. Lance Corporals are required to supervise a small team of up to four soldiers called a section. They also have opportunities to specialise and undertake specialist military training.

After 6-8 years, and depending on ability to lead, promotion to Corporal typically follows. In this rank additional trade and instructor qualifications can be gained. Corporals are given command of more soldiers and equipment such as tanks and guns.

Sergeant is a senior role of responsibility, promotion to which typically takes place after 12 years depending on ability. Sergeants typically are second in command of a troop or platoon of up to 35 soldiers, with the important responsibility for advising and assisting junior officers.

Staff/Colour Sergeant
After a few years as a Sergeant promotion to either Staff or Colour Sergeant may follow. This is a senior role combining man and resource management of around 120 soldiers, or even command of a troop or platoon.

Warrant Officer Class 2
(Company/Squadron Sergeant Major)

This is a senior management role focussing on the training, welfare and discipline of a company, squadron or battery of up to 120 soldiers. WO2s act as senior adviser to the Major in command of the sub-unit and may also be selected for a commission as an Officer.

Warrant Officer Class 1
(Regimental Sergeant Major)

The most senior soldier rank in the Army, typically reached after 18 years of outstanding service. WO1s are the senior advisors of their unit’s Commanding Officer, with leadership, discipline and welfare responsibilities of up to 650 officers and soldiers and equipment.


Officer Cadet
This is the kdf ranks held during initial officer training Lanet .

Second Lieutenant
The first kdf ranks held on commissioning. It is normally held for up to 3 years, during which time they complete special to arms training relevant to their Corps. Afterwards they are responsible for leading up to 30 soldiers in a platoon or troop, both in training and on operations.

This is kdf ranks after lieutenant .Lieutenant is a kdf rank typically held for up to 3 years. They normally command of a platoon or troop of around 30 soldiers, but with experience comes increased responsibilities. They also have the opportunity to gain specialized skills outside their unit.

Captains are normally made second-in-command of a sub-unit of up to 120 soldiers. They are key players in the planning and decision-making process, with tactical responsibility for operations on the ground as well as equipment maintenance, logistic support and manpower.

Promotion to Major follows between 8-10 years service. Typically a Major will be given command of a sub-unit of up to 120 officers and soldiers with responsibility for their training, welfare and administration both in camp and on operations, as well as the management of their equipment.

Lieutenant Colonel
This is high profile KDF ranks Lieutenant Colonels typically command units of up to 650 soldiers, containing four or five sub-units. They are responsible for the overall operational effectiveness of their unit in terms of military capability, welfare and general discipline. Typically a two-year appointment.

Colonels are not usually field commanders – typically they serve as staff officers between field commands at battalion/brigade level. It is the lowest of the staff ranks and they are the principle operational advisors to senior officers.

Brigadier (aka 1 star General)
Brigadier is not considered to be a General Officer rank by the Army but rather a Field officer rank. Brigadiers can command a brigade or be a director of operational capability groups such as a director of staff.

Major General (aka 2 star General)
Major Generals command formations of division size and hold senior staff appointments.

Lieutenant General (aka 3 star)
This is the second highest in KDF ranks/ KDF structure. Lieutenant Generals command formations of Corps size and other commands

General (aka 4 star)

This is highest in KDF ranks/ KDF structure.Generals hold the most senior appointments – such as the Chief of Defence Staff, Vice Chief of Defence Staff, Chief of the General Staff,

Kenya defense forces