A diet high in meat, particularly if it’s cooked well-done, may be associated with an increased risk of developing prostate cancer. This may be due to heterocyclic amines (HCAs). These are carcinogens found in cooked meat. HCAs have been linked to the development of several cancers.
HCAs are compounds formed during high temperature cooking such as broiling or grilling. The World Health Organization suggests that both red and processed meats may be associated with increased risk of developing prostate cancer. Examples include:
3 lunch meats
4 hot dogs
Instead of red or processed meats, try these protein sources instead:
lean poultry, like skinless turkey or chicken
fresh or canned fish, such as tuna, salmon, or sardines
beans and legumes, like split peas, chickpeas, lentils, pinto beans, and kidney beans
nuts and nut butters
If you’re a fan of cold cut sandwiches, try making a chicken salad sandwich instead. You can also experiment with meat alternatives, like tofu or tempeh, which can be marinated and sautéed to create a flavorful sandwich filling.
You may also experiment with eating meat-free for some meals or days of the week. Here are some ideas to try:
1 Replace the meat in your favorite chili or stew with beans.
2 Grill up fish fillets instead of steaks.
Make a black bean burger instead of a hamburger.
3 Dice up tofu and marinate it in your favorite sauce, then stir fry it and mix it with veggies and a side of rice.