1 failure to control Ukraine Airspace
In war, winning quick control of airspace is crucial. Russia’s failure to do so in Ukraine, despite its vast military strength, has been a surprise and may help explain how Ukraine has so far prevented a rout.
Typically, an invading force would seek at the outset to destroy or at least paralyze the target country’s air and missile defenses because dominance of the skies allows ground forces to operate more effectively and with fewer losses. U.S. military officials had assumed that Russia would use its electronic warfare and cyber capabilities to blind and paralyze Ukraine’s air defenses and military communications.
2 Information Lawfare
The truth is on Ukraine’s side—and so is the law. Ukraine must purposefully use law to bolster the legitimacy of its cause and undermine Russian efforts. This strategy, known as information lawfare, would be particularly effective because of the omnipresent memory of World War II. The world forged the law of war, international human rights law, and much of the rules-based international order as we know it to ensure that the horrors that war never happen again
Every nation in the world has agreed to a common language of law to describe both the rules and the horrors of armed conflict. Publicizing Russia’s actions as illegal has incredible power before the international community. As news of the invasion first broke, Ukraine’s ambassador to the United Nations minced no words in reminding the world how much the language of that law still resonates.
3 Russians are hungry:
It is quite embarrassing to see the soldiers who invaded a country to run out of fuel and food during the war.A soldier will not do his role accordingly when he or she is hungry and instead sleep so as to regain more strength to continue with the fight.
Russian troops have been kept outside Kyiv, the Ukrainian capital and the focal point of their initial advance. They have failed to win control over any other major Ukrainian population center. They have yet to establish air superiority. They are failing at even basic logistical tasks like ensuring their vehicles have enough fuel
4 Ukraine civilians support of their country
Pre-war research conducted by Russia’s FSB intelligence agency, recently leaked to British experts, suggested that Ukrainians were in general unhappy with their leadership and pessimistic about their country’s direction. It appears that the Russian invasion plan may have banked on this assessment, presuming that Ukrainian resistance would be light and a rapid march on the capital would be feasible.