The continent of Africa is comprised of 54 countries, more than 1.3 billion people, and more than 3,000 tribes.
The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, with each population generally having its own language.
1. Hausa – The Hausa has 78 million people in different countries.
The Hausa are the largest ethnic group in Africa and the second largest language after Arabic in the Afroasiatic family of languages.
Predominantly Hausa-speaking communities are scattered throughout West Africa and on the traditional Hajj route north and east traversing the Sahara, with an especially large population in and around the town of Agadez.
Other Hausa have also moved to large coastal cities in the region such as Lagos, Port Harcourt, Accra, Abidjan, Banjul and Cotonou as well as to parts of North Africa such as Libya over the course of the last 500 years.
2. Igbo – With 45 million people, the Igbo is the second most populous ethnic group in Africa.
The Igbo people are a meta-ethnicity native to the present-day south-central and southeastern Nigeria and also Equatorial Guinea. There has been much speculation about the origins of the Igbo people, as it is unknown how exactly the group came to form.
3. Yoruba – Trailing the Igbo is the Yoruba tribe, which has 44 million people.
Yoruba is undeniably one of the largest ethnic group in Africa. Members occupy the South Western sides of Nigeria, as well as Southern Benin, but the majority comes from Nigeria. They have a rich history and cultural heritage tracing back to the old Oyo Empire
4. Oromo – 40 million The Oromo ethnic group has 40 million people.
The Oromo people are a Cushitic ethnic group and nation native to Ethiopia and Kenya who speak the Oromo language